Diabetes is a condition when your body cannot metabolize with sugar present in the blood. Your body contains an organ known as the pancreas that serves as an endocrine and an exocrine gland. It secretes insulin that helps metabolize glucose in your blood and secretes enzymes that help in the digestion of food.
However, if they cannot secrete enough insulin, a condition known as type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs. And if the receptors become insensitive to the action of insulin, it is known as type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In this article, we will tell you about the complications of diabetes. If you are diabetic, visit the health care provider for follow-up visits. To get an expert opinion, you can visit the Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Islamabad.
Type 1 diabetes often occurs in young people and usually occurs because of an infection in which pancreas cells are damaged. Type II diabetes mellitus is common in old age people and can occur because of obesity, unhealthy lifestyle, and other risk factors.
To treat type 1 diabetes, your health care providers will prescribe insulin. Therefore, it is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. For type 2 diabetes mellitus, the leading cause is obesity. Therefore, health care providers often prescribe weight loss and antidiabetic medications, or sometimes you may need insulin as well. In serious cases of obesity that have led to the development on type 2 diabetes doctors may prescribe bariatric surgery in the form of sleeve gastronomy. A doctor will consult the diabetes patient so they can consider gastric sleeve cost in Newcastle and organise insurance.
Diabetes needs to be treated as soon as possible. If your blood glucose levels remain higher than normal for a longer time, it can cause life-threatening complications.
There are various complications of diabetes. However, if you keep your diabetes well managed and your blood glucose levels well under control, you can remain protected from its complications.
To prevent complications of diabetes, you need to keep your blood glucose level within normal limits. Otherwise, it can become a serious condition.
What Are The Complications of Diabetes?
People who are diabetic are at risk of getting cardiovascular diseases such as angina, a heart attack, or coronary artery disease. For this reason, people should get themselves screened for any heart disease frequently. Living a healthy life as a style can also help prevent heart diseases.
When the blood sugar levels remain high for a long time, it can damage the blood vessels that supply blood to your nerves. Because of this, you may have a loss of sensation in the affected nerves.
Most commonly, it affects the tiny blood vessels supplying to your extremities, which can, in turn, result in loss of sensation in the feet and erectile dysfunction in men. If the damage occurs to the nerves supplying to the digestive system, it may cause nausea and vomiting.
Kidney damage or nephropathy is a condition in which the tiny glomeruli in your kidney get damaged. Diabetes can affect your kidney function. With diabetes, you need to take extreme care of your kidneys. Otherwise, it can cause kidney failure or end-stage renal disease.
Diabetes, if left untreated, can damage the nerves supplying to your eyes that can lead to blindness. The damage to the eyes is irreparable.
To prevent vision-threatening complications of diabetes, you need to take extra care of your eyes, visit the ophthalmologist frequently, and keep your blood sugar levels well under control.
Foot Infections and Amputation
When blood sugar level remains high for a long time, it can damage the nerves supplying to your extremities. Therefore, your blood supply to the foot is affected. It puts you at risk of developing infections of the foot.
A minor cut for a blister on your foot can turn into a life-threatening infection. For the sake of your life, your health care provider may have to amputate your leg or foot.
If you are diabetic, you should visit your health care provider frequently and keep your blood sugar levels well under checked and controlled. The more you keep your blood sugar levels under control, the more protected you can remain. To get an expert opinion, you can consult with the Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Karachi.