Diabetes, officially known as diabetes mellitus, is a general name for many disorders affecting how your body converts food into energy. Diabetes is a severe condition with high blood sugar in the bloodstream. But, what is high blood sugar? High blood sugar is ordinary when too much glucose remains in the blood in the absence or deficiency of insulin. If you don’t receive diabetes treatment, your body won’t use insulin as it should. There are mainly two types of diabetes, Type 1 and 2. Let us look at them in detail and learn how to control diabetes.
Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes
Here are key differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
- In type 1 diabetes, the cells of the pancreas are attacked; hence, they cannot produce insulin. On the other hand, in type 2 diabetes, insulin function is compromised.
- The symptoms for type 1 diabetes are rapid, and for type 2, the symptoms develop slowly.
How to Control Type 1 Diabetes?
Patients must monitor their daily food, exercise routine, and insulin dosage to keep type 1 diabetes under control. By instructing patients on how to regulate their insulin levels and implementing lifestyle modifications to lower the risk of complications, specialists may help individuals actively control their diabetes. If feasible, a great place to start is by administering shots at the exact times of the day. Taking your long-term insulin at the same time(s) every day is crucial.
Another method is a regular track of blood sugar levels. According to a report, patients should check their blood sugar levels a minimum of three times daily. Continuous glucose monitoring devices can detect the regularity and intensity of undiagnosed hypoglycemia episodes. These systems are efficient but expensive.
Additionally, being active is crucial. Exercise keeps you fit and decreases blood sugar levels. Find out from your doctor how to be active while consistently maintaining blood sugar levels. At first, glance, finding the correct balance between your diet, medications, and exercising might seem like a difficult task, but over time, it becomes easy and a part of the routine.
If people are preoccupied with stress, they could miss hypoglycemic signs. Patients should test their blood sugar more often when under pressure and alter their insulin dosage and food consumption accordingly. Blood glucose levels can also rise due to physical stress. Thus it’s crucial to control and manage stress levels and avoid engaging in highly stressful activities.
How to Control Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is linked to unhealthy lifestyle choices, including inactivity and obesity. In addition, it is typically diagnosed in adults rather than children. There are many different methods to control and regulate type 2 diabetes
Considerable weight loss may cause a diabetic person’s blood sugar to fall into the nondiabetic range of someone overweight or obese. Eating a balanced diet and regular exercise are two approaches to managing weight. The attempts to follow the traditional meal measures to follow the so-called “diabetic diet” guidelines sometimes lead to unwarranted limitations, overindulgence, or repetitious use of some food items, such as unripe plantains or beans. Consuming fewer calories than the body needs for exercises and metabolic processes is the key to weight loss.
One of the causes of type 2 diabetes is smoking. Compared to non-smokers, cigarette smokers have a 30–40% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Smokers with diabetes are more prone than non-smokers to experience difficulties with insulin doses and maintaining their illness. Smoking increases blood sugar momentarily, increasing the problem of preserving non-diabetic blood sugar levels and making exercise more challenging. It raises a person’s risk of diabetic complications, including kidney and nerve damage.
When you have diabetes, type 1 vs type 2 diabetes, feeling overwhelmed, depressed, or furious are all very frequent. Even if you are aware of the activities one should undertake to maintain overall health, people may find it difficult to follow your strategy over time.
Progress will always need some effort on the part of the individual. Take all the changes in slowly. That way, you will discover that the process of how to control diabetes starts to make more sense once again and that you may have learned even more than you anticipated throughout the trying period.