The hose is used in a wide variety of applications. From aircraft to electronic industries to manufacturing units, to chemical fields, hoses can be found almost everywhere. “How are hoses manufactured?” Well, there is a plethora of materials used to design different type of hoses. Hire services from the best flexible hose manufacturers.
The manufacturing process of these robust pipes depends on the type of hose you are searching for. For example, the manufacturing of chemical hose used for containing the strong chemicals is completely from the casual garden hose that is used to water the plants. Even though the dimensions and construction of different hose manufacturers can be similar, the reinforcement materials and compounds they use may vary to a great extent.
Construction of the elements of hose
The basics of hose manufacturing have not changed even after the emergence of new technology (such as CNC machines, injection molding) and components. Three of the vital elements of hose include the reinforcement, inner tube, and the outer cover. As the name itself suggests, the inner tube is the innermost element of the rubber hose that is responsible for making the hose compatible with different types of chemicals. It is the innermost tube that determines how robust yet flexible the hose is and what types of fluid it can carry. Depending on the type of hose, manufacturers use sturdy materials to create its inner tube. These materials can be synthetic rubber, EPDM rubber, PKR rubber, Butyl rubber, and so on.
It is worth to note that each material influences the hose in different ways. For example, EPDM is often utilized to manufacture rubber hoses. This high-density rubber is especially used to design fireproof hydraulic hoses that can carry cold and hot fluid, ketones, and different types of alkalis. EPDM is the base polymer component that is especially known for its heat resistance, weatherproof, and flexibility features. Another important inner tube component is the nitrile-based polymer. Nitrile is highly compatible with petroleum oil and other hydraulic fluid. The nitrile-based polymer is mainly considered for its weather and heat resistance properties.
Once the inner tube is manufactured, the producers start their search for the ideal components for the reinforcement layer. The reinforcement layer is constructed right next to the inner tube. In simple terms, it surrounds the inner tube of a hose. This part of a hose plays a vital role in determining its strength and the amount of pressure it can hold. You may find the reinforcement layers consisting of one or more cover of spiral wound wire, braided wire, or textile yarn.
Outer cover is the outermost layer of a hose that is responsible for protecting the hose from corrosion, ultraviolet rays, harmful chemicals, abrasion, and most importantly, premature wear and tear. The outer layer is made of the weather-proof, heat-resistant, and chemical-proof components.
The hose manufacturing technique of different flexible hose manufacturers is more or less the same. However, the only part that can bring a difference in the final product is the components used to create the three vital layers.